Term One Exams – Concepts and Principles of Addiction Welcome to your Term One Exams - Concepts and Principles of Addiction 1. One of the key characteristics of substance dependence is that: a. It mainly affects women. b. It only involves the use of alcohol. c. The individual spends substantial time and effort sourcing the substance. d. It only involves the use of alcohol.2. The term psychoactive refers to: a. A drug-induced hallucination. b. The psychology of physical activity c. A particularly active psychopath d. A drug that alters mood, cognition and/or behavior.3. Which of the following is an assumption of the psychanalytic theory of addiction? a. The alcoholic wants to minimize feelings of isolation, emptiness, anxiety and tension b. Problem behaviors including thoughts, feelings and psychological changes are the result of learning. c. Undesirable behavior can be modified d. Believes that the family influences individual behavior such as drug abuse4. ____________is a key concept of the psychanalytic theory of addiction a. Environmental influence b. Self-concept c. Family systems d. Self-medication hypothesis5. In the biopsychosocial model of addiction, the biological component refers to? a. These are the emotional factors that impact on initiation, continuation or process of recovery from substance use b. Emotional and physical factors that impact on initiation, continuation or process of recovery from substance use c. Community factors which impact on initiation, continuation or process of recovery from substance use d. The physical factors that impact on initiation, continuation or process of recovery from substance use6. The sons of alcoholics have been found to exhibit all of the following characteristics except: a. Less intoxication in their cognitive and motor performance b. Significantly greater likelihood of becoming an alcoholic c. Low physiological tolerance to alcohol, which leads them to achieve intoxication easily. d. Lower reactivity to moderate doses of alcohol.7. Psychoactive drugs are drugs that a. Alter only behavior b. Alter only mood c. Have little or no effect on mood or behavior d. Alter behavior and mood8. When a person gradually needs more of a drug to get the same effects, it's referred to as: a. Partying b. Tolerance c. Withdrawal d. Dependence9. A treatment for alcoholism involves pairing alcohol with a Disulfiram that produces nausea after the person consumes alcohol. This treatment is known as a. Aversion therapy b. Counter conditioning c. Operant conditioning d. Flooding10. 11. Addiction is referred to as a disease because a. It is compulsive in nature b. It has identifiable signs and symptoms c. It has a traceable cause, identifiable signs and symptoms, has pathogenesis and prognosis and is characterized by loss of control d. It is chronic in nature12. At the instrumental stage of addiction, the motivation for use is divided into two types of use referred to as? a. Hedonistic use and satisfaction b. Satisfaction and compensatory use c. Hedonistic and compensatory use d. To satisfying cravings and avoiding withdrawal symptoms13. Neighborhoods with a high degree of _____ can protect their young people from crime, delinquency, and drug abuse. a. Social disorganization b. Continuous monitoring c. Collective social efficacy d. Social strain14. Environmental factors shown to have value as predictors of substance use, abuse, or addiction are: a. Parents who drink or use b. Having friends who don’t drink or use c. Adopting Views and Values of Non-Using Friends d. All the above15. ____________________normally blamed for the family problems. a. Mascot b. The hero c. The Scape goat d. The lost child16. Which of the following statements correctly describes activities that are addictive a. They create unpleasant reactions when the activity is stopped b. They in most cases do not create a habit c. They do not create increase reliance on the behavior as a source of reward or means of meeting particular needs d. They fail to create acquired drive17. Which statement is incorrect? The psychoanalytic theory of addiction a. Holds a belief that addiction as a result of unconscious death wishes b. Posits the etiology of alcoholism or drug dependence to be as a result of avoidance of pain and anxiety c. State that the use of alcohol and other drugs is as a result of “fixation” at the anal stage of development only d. Includes notions of conflicts between a repressed idea and a defense against it18. 19. Which of the following aspects of Freud’s personality theory operates on the pleasure principle? a. The ego b. The anal personality c. The Id d. The super ego19. When addiction is considered as a problem of impulse, control is by a. Enhancing self-control b. Deterrence, education and treatment c. Teaching of new coping strategies d. Making the consequences real20. Which of the following is an important factor in substance abuse a. Whether the substances are regularly used by other family members b. Whether the family environment is rural or urban c. Whether you are a twin d. Whether you one is educated21. Which of the following is an example of a substance use disorder (SUD)? a. Alcohol related disorders b. Caffeine related disorders c. Inhalant related disorders d. All of the above22. In the disease model, addiction is considered as an interplay between the following; a. Environmental and social factors b. Disease and environmental factors c. Environmental and biological factors d. Neurological and environmental factors23. According to cognitive behavioral model of learning, the greater ______________that one can effectively manage a situation, the less the likelihood of an inappropriate or dysfunctional response a. The expectation b. The reinforcement c. The association d. The stimuli24. In substance abuse, the term self-medication refers to? a. doctors prescribing their own drugs b. deciding the drug of choice c. motive for using a substance d. Amelioration of psychological distress thorough substance use25. The term psychoactive refers to: a. A drug-induced hallucination. b. The psychology of physical activity c. A particularly active psychopath d. A drug that alters mood, cognition and/or behavior.